Lead Us Not into Temptation


'And lead us not into temptation' (Matt. 6:13; Luke 11:4)


The traditional rendering of the Lord's Prayer in English contains as its second-last petition, 'And lead us not into temptation'. It is a petition which has puzzled successive generations of Christians, for whom the word 'temptation' ordinarily means temptation to sin. Why should we ask God not to lead us into this? As if God would do any such thing! 'God cannot be tempted with evil and he himself tempts no one' (James 1:13).


Perhaps this was absolutely the last petition in the original form of the Lord's Prayer, as it is to this day in the authentic text of Luke's version. The petition which follows it in the traditional rendering, 'but deliver us from evil', found in Matthew's version, was perhaps added to help to explain the preceding one - whether the added petition means 'Deliver us from what is evil' or 'Deliver us from the evil one'. Is God asked to deliver his children from evil by preserving them from temptation or by preserving them in temptation? By preserving them in temptation, probably. It is appropriate to be reminded of a very similar petition which occurs in the Jewish service of morning and evening prayer: 'Do not bring us into the power of temptation.' That seems to mean, 'When we find ourselves surrounded by temptation, may we not be overpowered by it.'


Temptation, when the word occurs in the older version of the Bible, means more than temptation to sin: it has the wider sense of testing. God'tempts no one', according to James 1:13; yet the same writer says, according to the AV, 'Count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations' and 'Blessed is the man that endureth temptation' (James 1:2, 12). What he means is simply brought out by the RSV: 'Count it all joy ... when you meet various trials, for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness' and 'Blessed is the man who endures trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life which God has promised to those who love him.' To the same effect other Christians are assured in 1 Peter 1:6-7 that the purpose of their being called to undergo various trials -'manifold temptations' in the AV - is 'so that the genuineness of your faith ... may redound to praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ'. That is to say, when faith is tested it is strengthened, and the outcome is reinforced stability of character.


It was so in Old Testament times. When the AV of Genesis 22:1 says that 'God did tempt Abraham', the meaning is that he tested him - tested his faith, that is to say. An untested faith is a weak faith, compared with one that has passed through a searching test and emerged victorious.


Jesus himself was led into 'temptation'. So Matthew implies when he says (4:1) that 'Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil'. Mark (1:12) uses an even stronger verb: after Jesus' baptism, he says, 'the Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness'. What was the nature of his 'temptation'? It was the testing of his faith in God, the testing of his resolution to accept the path which he knew to be his Father's will for him in preference to others which might have seemed more immediately attractive. It was from that testing that he returned - 'in the power of the Spirit', says Luke (4:14) - to undertake his public ministry.


So, whatever is meant by the petition, 'Lead us not into temptation', it is highly unlikely that it means 'Do not let our faith be tested' or, as the NEB puts it, 'Do not bring us to the test'. 'Do not bring us to the test' is at least as obscure as 'Lead us not into temptation'. It invites the question: 'What test?'


Perhaps Paul had this petition in his mind when he says to his friends in Corinth, 'No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your strength, but with the temptation will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it' (1 Cor. 10:13). This could well be regarded as an expansion of our problem petition, which unpacks its concentrated meaning. It was evidently so regarded by those whose thought lies behind the fifth-century Eastern Liturgy of St. James. In this liturgy the celebrant, after reciting the Lord's Prayer, goes on:


Yes, O Lord our God,

lead us not into temptation which we are not able to bear,

but with the temptation grant also the way out,

so that we may be able to remain steadfast;

and deliver us from evil.


This implies something like the following as the intention of our petition. We know that our faith needs to be tested if it is to grow strong; indeed, the conditions of life in this world make it inevitable that our faith must be tested. But some tests are so severe that our faith could not stand up to the strain; therefore we pray not to be brought into tests of such severity. If our faith gave way under the strain, that might involve us in moral disaster; it would also bring discredit on the name of the God whom we call our Father.


When we use the prayer, we may generalize this petition along these lines. But in the context of Jesus’ ministry and his disciples' association with him, the petition may have had a more specific reference. What that reference was may be inferred from his admonition to some of his disciples in Gethsemane just before his arrest: 'Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation' (Mark 14:38). When some regard is paid to the Aramaic wording which probably lies behind the evangelist's Greek rendering of the admonition, there is much to be said for the view of some scholars that it meant, 'Keep awake, and pray not to fail in the test!' The disciples had no idea how crucial was the test which was almost upon them. It was the supreme test for him; what about them? Would they, who had continued with their Master in his trials thus far, stand by him in the imminent hour of ultimate trial, or would they fail in the test? We know what happened: they failed - temporarily, at least. Mercifully (for the world's salvation was at stake), he did not fail. When the Shepherd was struck down, the sheep were scattered. But he endured the ordeal of suffering and death and, when he came back to life, he gathered his scattered followers together again, giving them a new start - and this time they did not fail in the test.


Our perspective on the events of Gethsemane and Calvary, even when our lives are caught up into those events and revolutionized by them, is necessarily different from theirs at that time. Jesus was prepared for the winding up of the old age and the breaking in of the new - the powerful coming of the kingdom of God. The transition from the old to the new would involve unprecedented tribulation, the birth pangs of the new creation, which would be a test too severe even for the faith of the elect, unless God intervened and cut it short. This tribulation would fall pre-eminently on the Son of man, and on his endurance of it the bringing in of the new age depended. He was ready to absorb it in his own person, but would he find one or two others willing to share it with him? James and John had professed their ability to drink his cup and share his baptism, but in the moment of crisis they, with their companions, proved unequal to the challenge.


Going back, then, from our Lord's admonition in Geth­semane to the problem petition which we are considering, we may conclude that in the context of Jesus' ministry its meaning was, 'Grant that we may not fail in the test' - 'Grant that the test may not prove too severe for our faith to sustain.' The test in that context was the crucial test of the ages to which Jesus' ministry was the immediate prelude. If we adopt the rendering of the petition followed in the Series 3 Anglican Order for Holy Communion, 'Do not bring us to the time of trial', or the variant proposed by the International Consultation on English Texts, 'Save us from the time of trial', then the 'time of trial' originally intended was one against which the disciples who were taught to use the petition needed to be forearmed. But the force of the petition would be better expressed by rendering it, 'May our faith stand firm in the time of trial' or 'Save us in the time of trial.' Through that trial we can no longer pass; the Son of man passed through it as our representative. But the time of trial which will show whether we are truly his followers or not may come upon any Christian at any time. Those who have confidence in their ability to stand such a test may feel no need of the petition. But those who know that their faith is no more reliable than that of Peter and James and John may well pray to be saved from a trial with which their faith cannot cope or, if the trial is inescapable, to be supplied with the heavenly grace necessary to endure it: 'Grant that we may not fail in the test.'


NOTICE to VISITORS ABOUT our Web Page Content, OUR sending and receiving - E-MAIL Policies, Telephone calls and other Important Trivia

(A Sort of Rules of "Engagement" and "Disclaimer")

Click here for: Our Copyright Notice covering all of this website's contents. An Important notice, especially to the one and those with him who are under investigation out of Toledo, Ohio!

"Prejudice Makes Prisoners of the Hated and the Hater"

"Show forth fruits of Repentance" (St. John the Baptist)



that I can't hear what you are saying" (+Thaddeus)

Views expressed in various articles, news, and information

published or posted do not necessarily represent the views of

apostle1.com or other of those traditional

Orthodox Jurisdictions (Churches) hosted here.

  The Founding of Orthodoxy 

How Many Times

Is Christianity Collapsing? A theological evaluation regarding T.B.N. and its so-called ministers!

Part II -Is Christianity Collapsing?

The Demise of Marriage And Dissolution of the Family

» Abouna's Two Cents Worth

Amber Alert Information on missing Children


PaschaLenten Season - Easter 2006

Lent 2006 Message (New)

Who are the Modern Day Pharisees and Sadducees who abuse the Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ? (New)

     Go to "Commemorations" for daily Commemorations, or When Viewing a News Article click on the link to either the Return to "Home Page" or Daily News for 2006 for today's current Daily/weekly News and Information or the:


2005 News Archive

2004 news Archive

2003 News Archive.

     Our Daily/Weekly News and information gathering has enlarged.  As a result, we will be posting, on the entry page, only those current News and Informational Items for the day/week.  All other news and informational items for previous days in the month will be moved to our Archive Pages for that month and year, as shown above... 

     Also... It is suggested you view the article and especially the related commentary opinion having to do with your telephone, internet and other activities since the defeat of one of the extension provisions of the Patriot Act by clicking here...

From Our Metropolitan Archbishop, Archabbot and Primate, +Joseph Thaddeus (Stanford), OSB, SSJt., Ph.D.


A Fool For Christ who believes

"Prejudice Makes Prisoners of the Hated and the Hater"

(Why the Photo Image as seen above?  See Quotes for September-October-November 2005 from "Franklin")


Apostle1.com, Apostle1.org and Apostle1.net

We are an educational, News-informational and research Web Site dedicated to providing such as befits those who seek things pertinent to the Orthodox Catholic Christian Faith and life.


Also Know that:


We, at apostle1.com do cause for "Point" and "Counterpoint" discussions at our web site.  This is sometimes the same way in which authors and writers do in order to bring about both sides or arguments in discussions or about some issues affecting the Church as a whole.  Abbot +Gregori and our Metropolitan Archbishop do this from time to time.  What part of celibacy does one not understand?


However, it has come to our attention that un-named individual(s) think it wise and not harmful to start attacking by taking copyrighted materials to use in their own web site without permission, per se: as for an example, the subjects pertaining to "Homosexuals" and "Homosexuality in the Church," etc. for the purpose of advancing their own causes to start their attacking of other(s) which is not bound in and with the Church, but with a personal agenda of self-image because of anger, hate, fear and worse.  They are Roman in attitude and practice, but not Orthodox, although calling themselves "Orthodox" even "Celtic". 


It is understood, according to information and belief, that three of his/her/their websites may have been closed by former service providers due to complaints against him/them for internet terrorism, spewing "hate" and causing for an individual whom he/they discuss, to be exposed to potential physical harm which happened in the early part of the 2005 when they thought themselves wise in their own conceit, for things of more than 13 years in the past.  What part of "Hate" - "Exposing another to threats of losing life" - "Internet Terrorism" does he/they not understand? Now, under other domain names, the same/similar hate messages re-occur against the same individual. 


We find them to be un-orthodox and un-Christian in spirit and truth for they continue to argue things of the past that is not a part of the Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ, and (in fact) go against the very commandments of Jesus Christ!  And those who do such are, it is opined upon investigation and in most instances, the very one(s) who had been or are under ban as excommunicated individuals posing as duly ordained clergy who had been a part of this jurisdiction (and so many numerous others) in times past.       

Apostle1.com's NOTE:  A few have sent inquiries as to why we post information and/or articles relating to what might be considered as political and sometimes from other Protestants .  And the reply is much the same as it states on the entry page....  We Are:

A Non-Profit Religious Hosting Service


an Educational, News, Informational and Research Web Site dedicated to providing such as befits those who seek things pertinent to the Orthodox Catholic Christian Faith and life for various

Traditional Orthodox Jurisdictions

While the answer and question above is not sufficient for some to understand, we take the view (which we believe is ORTHODOX) that all things pertinent to life and living affects, and has an effect, upon not just our belief (Orthodox), but (for many) the way in which we act in accordance with our belief, our very faith. 

Because this is a highly Protestant Country in which we live, having an effect upon the laws of the land, we should know something of what is on-going and where efforts by those denominations may affect and have a intrinsic effect on our very laws, for such does have an effect upon our daily lives as Orthodox Catholic Christians. 

If one is not cognizant of the real events happening both locally and in the world, although many are removed from the world... one will not know what to expect or what to do, or how one can or cannot act which might betray one's faith and accrue the wrath of civil authorities as laws change.  Yet, we are also reminded that these things must happen and it was for that which there exists many early Christian Martyrs and Saints. 

While we can remove ourselves from the world, we still live in it.  And for the faithful, theirs is a struggle for knowledge and understanding.  All things are pertinent to the Orthodox Catholic Christian Faith which is the very foundation of Christianity.  As such, we can not abandon them and leave them blind to events and happenings. 

What we post as related to those things similar to various articles which might have a political theme or non-Orthodox Catholic Christian content, of sorts, does not mean or imply that we are supportive of, or against something articulated in an article, so much as it is NEWS and our faithful should be made aware, for such may be the very thing that will impact their day-to-day life. 

Remember, not all Protestants, especially hard core cultic groups such as "Charismatic" - "Evangelical" and other people are not so generous in their viciousness toward anyone and anything that appears "Catholic" whether of the Roman or Orthodox jurisdictions, for they do not know or want to learn that which makes them "different" in their walk and talk as being far from the roots of Christianity. 

Remember, it is the Roman jurisdiction which has more outwardly shown that it can be one of the most vicious toward those who are not Roman but are very much "Catholic" - for the sun and moon does not rise and set on the Vatican (Latin or Roman) jurisdiction as to who is or is not "Catholic" for the Roman jurisdiction split (schismed) from the roots of "Catholicism" which is founded in what is termed and called today as "Orthodoxy".

Any good article or piece of information will be considered so long as it is not defamatory or slanderous toward an individual when not based on TRUTH or FACT, or which is altered out of context from its original publishing by recognized sources.

+Joseph Thaddeus (Stanford), OSB, SSJt., Ph.D.

“I prefer a defeat accompanied by humility to a victory accompanied by pride.”

                                                                               --An Elder

A Curse or a Blessing?  Depending on to whom it may...


    Yes, our Metropolitan Archbishop, +Joseph Thaddeus, SSJt., Ph.D. strongly defends the Seals of the Confessional for such leads to true Repentance in thought, word and deed whereby the penitent is required to make amends, where possible, to seek forgiveness of those harmed by his actions whether real or imagined, and to give his forgiveness to those who have harmed him before taking the Holy Body and Blood in the Eucharist, Jesus the Christ.  The reality of this understanding is bound up in and with the findings for which cause he, himself, had been character assassinated by his detractors who claim the courts prevented him from breaking the Seals of the Confessional which is not the truth at all.... Click here to see what another bishop's findings are...


    The workings of Holy Spirit will not be daunted by those who attempt to cause disruption!  It is for these and other reasons that you are urged to read what true repentance and forgiveness means for real "Christians".


   "It would be better to have ten (10) true repentant X-felons who ask for and give true forgiveness than it would be to have one (1) non-x-felon or common person whose self-righteousness exceeds even the Pharisees, Sadducees, the gossip mongers, slanderers and un-repentant; for the repentant x-felon understands the true meaning of the Church's purpose as being the spiritual hospital." (siq) +Joseph Thaddeus, OSB, SSJt., Ph.D., Metropolitan Archbishop, Archabbot, Primate


Yes... "Prejudice Makes Prisoners of the Hated and the Hater..." (1992-Fr. Alan Stanford)


One can ask, "What part of 'Prejudice' and 'hate' do you not understand?  Are you a complacent person?  In light of the saying, examine yourself!  You may be surprised if you are honest with yourself for your soul may convict you before Jesus Christ convicts you in the times to come!


"When tested by some trial you should try to find out not why or through whom it came, but only how to endure it gratefully, without distress or rancor."

St. Mark the Ascetic.

Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, Whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord does not impute iniquity, And in whose spirit there is no deceit." Psalms 32:1-2

    For further information about how spammers, hackers and those who are angry with you can or will attempt to do damage, we offer the following link as regards some of the computer - internet problems:



Copyright Notice

This website is the property of the American Orthodox Church (AOC), North American Orthodox Church (NAOC) and the American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC). This website and all it's contents are under Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 by the American Orthodox Church (AOC), North American Orthodox Church (NAOC) and the American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC). All Rights Reserved under International Copyright Conventions. No part or whole of this website may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information, storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from either the American Orthodox Church (AOC), North American Orthodox Church (NAOC) or the American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC). Information provided in any directory(ies) may not be recompiled into other directories or used as the basis for a derived work without explicit written permission.

U.S. Copyright Office

Library of Congress
101 Independence Ave. S.E. Washington, D.C. 20559-6000
For permission to copy or use any of this material please contact us by using the E-Mail or the Postal Address located at the left of this page.

Regarding Copyrighted (c) Copyrighted Logos at this website:

All logos of this Website are copyrighted by their owners and Apostle1.com in California and/or Luna County, New Mexico 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006  by the
American Orthodox Church, Inc. (California), North American Orthodox Church and the \American Orthodox Catholic Church Designed by Webfriar Ministries,  and His Eminence Metropolitan Archbishop  +Joseph Thaddeus, SSJt., Ph.D.

All Rights Reserved and may not be used without the explicit consents in writing of the owners and use by any other person(s) or entities may be prosecutable.

(Click On The Above Icon/link for More Information)


+About Monastic Holy Orders: a basic

+ Our Monastic Community

+Society of St. Jude Thaddeus (SSJt.)

+Orthodox Order of Friars Minor (OOFM)

+Benedicinte (OSB)

+Servants (In Service) to Christ (SC)

A Message from Our metropolitan Archbishop - UPDATED

Keep Up-To-Date by clicking on:

Quotes from Metropolitan Archbishop +Joseph Thaddeus, SSJt., Ph.D. Continuously updated

If You have a question that you wish to ask, please feel free to submit it.  However, may it be suggested that you review all previous questions for the Month and also the Archive of questions previously asked for your question may have already been answered. 

Click Here For Archive Quotes


Twenty First Century Desert Fathers

Who Are: The Thaddeans?

Lines of Apostolic Succession of His Eminence


In The Shadows

Suggested Reading:




Saint Jude Thaddeus (Helper of the Hopeless) and  The Thaddean Fathers (SSJt.)


MAN: To Err, the Church and Holy Spirit

The True meaning of Repentance and forgiveness



Is Christianity At The Cross Roads?


As The World Goes, So Goes The Church


Anomalies in Ecclesiology of Contemporary Orthodox Churches


Attempts at Coming to An Understanding of Orthodox Catholic Christianity


A Response to two articles: “Pedophilia Condoned (Approved) By Islam & Dalai Lama With Roman Catholics, Greek Orthodox and Others"




The Definition and Meaning of "Orthodoxy"

Orthodox Catholic Fasts, Feasts, and Daily Prayers

See the Main Page for Weekly-Daily listings

To Change the Nation and the World

2005 News Archive

2004 News Archive

2003 News Archive

Orthodox Information Center

A Dictionary of Orthodox Terminology


A Spiritual Hospital For Sinners

The Faithful and Clergy
(Clergy: Monks, Nuns, Priests and Bishops)

Our Clergy Application - Agreement

Free Web Counter
Free Hit Counter

Home Page