Were Orthodox Celtic Monks Here in America?

By:  Fr. Alexey Young

 

   For centuries it was firmly believed and taught that North America was discovered by Christopher Columbus. More recently, there has been general agreement that Norsemen or Vikings were probably on this continent around 1000 A.D. "But," as the editors of National Geographic magazine point out, "perhaps it was a group of shadowy, yet very real, Irish seafaring monks who predated even the Vikings by more than four centuries."1 Indeed, there is evidence that this may be true.

 

   In the twentieth century a number of scholars began to suspect that the early medieval saga known as the "Voyage of Saint Brendan the Abbot" (Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis) was not a "pious fable" at all, but the narration of an actual journey - a voyage by St. Brendan and a number of monks from Ireland to the east coast of North America, complete with accounts of what we can now identify as volcanic eruptions in Iceland, an encounter with a whale, and icebergs. Initially, this interpretation was dismissed because experts doubted that anyone could have crossed the Atlantic with the kind of primitive boat or leather-hulled "curragh" known to have been used by early Irish or Celtic sailors. They doubted, that is, until, in the 1970s, the British explorer, Timothy Severin, successfully crossed the ocean in a leather boat (a duplicate of St. Brendan's craft), proving "beyond doubt that the Irish monks could have sailed their leather boats to the New World before the Norsemen, and long before Columbus ...". Equally important, this showed that St. Brendan's voyage "was no mere splendid medieval fantasy, but a highly plausible tale ... founded upon real events and real people."2

 

   Still, there was no actual evidence to show that any Europeans had been in North America as early as the sixth century, when Brendan's "Voyage" was said to have occurred.

 

   And then, in 1982, a petroglyph - an inscription cut in the face of a cliff or rock - in Wyoming County, West Virginia, was recorded and identified. This site had been discovered in 1964, but it was not until 1970 that an archaeologist from the West Virginia Economic and Geological Survey studied it and concluded that this petroglyph (rock-carving) was at least five to seven hundred years old, if not older, and was in marked contrast to other known petroglyphs in the area. Twelve years later a prominent archaeologist with twenty-seven years of field experience, Robert L. Pyle, took a serious interest in the petroglyph. Dr. Pyle, who has a GS-9 rating as an archaeologist from the federal government and is authorized to do archaeological work on federal projects, had no particular agenda in mind - unlike Timothy Severin, who set out to prove that a primitive Celtic craft could make a trans-Atlantic voyage; Dr. Pyle simply wanted to scientifically and objectively determine, if possible, what this particular petroglyph was all about.

 

   A prominent authority on ancient languages and an emeritus professor at Harvard, Dr. Barry Fell, was brought into the investigation. He concluded that these petroglyphs "appear to date from the 6th-8th centuries A.D., and they are written in Old Irish language, employing an alphabet called Ogam, found also on ancient rock-cut inscriptions in Ireland ... [and in] a Dublin manuscript, known as the 'Ogam Tract,' composed by an unidentified monk in the fourteenth century."3 The first surprise came when the message was deciphered:

 

   "At the time of sunrise, a ray grazes the notch on the left side on Christmas Day, a Feast-day of the Church, the first seven of the [Christian] year, the season of the blessed advent of the Savior, Lord Christ. Behold, He is born of Mary, a woman."4

Three Celtic Chi Rho's (the Greek letters - "X" and "R" - for Christ) also appear on this petroglyph.

 

   The second surprise came when the investigators decided to test the inscription by calculating the Julian Calendar date for when the Feast of the Nativity would have fallen between 500 and 800 A.D. Thus, on December 22 (new style), 1982, they went to the site before dawn and watched and waited. Suddenly, as the sun came over a ridge, "a glimmer of pale sunlight struck the sun symbol on the left side of the petroglyph, and the rising sun soon bathed the entire panel in warm sunlight ... funneling through a three-sided notch formed by the rock overhang."5

 

   Another inscription, called the Horse Creek Petroglyph (in Boone County, West Virginia), also yielded a Christian translation and the use of the Chi Rho.

 

  Of course, further investigation and study of this fascinating subject is warranted, and important tests are pending on some artifacts found at these sites. But for now, we can say that a case is slowly but surely building for the existence of Celts - most likely monks - on this continent long before any others came from the West. This is of particular interest because Celtic Christians were also Orthodox Christians - belonging to the one, true, and universal Church of Christ before the West fell away from the Orthodox Church in the tenth century. Their spirituality, far from being the fashionable "New Age spirituality" that many of today's writers anachronistically project back on to the ancient Celts, was thoroughly Orthodox in teaching as well as monastic and ascetic in practice. Indeed, Fr. Gregory Telepneff, in his fascinating and scholarly study, The Egyptian Desert in the Irish Bogs, concludes that Celtic Christianity actually reveals "significant Coptic [i.e., Egyptian] influence of a specifically monastic kind."6

 

   These archaeological "finds" in West Virginia and elsewhere, which seem to point to a Celtic and monastic presence on this continent more than one thousand years ago, provide an imperative for Christians (whether Orthodox or not) to examine the Orthodox West (particularly in the lives of the saints) as it was before the Great Schism. Because that authentic and rich flowering of Orthodoxy, especially in Celtic Christianity, is characterized by both asceticism and holiness, it can be as nurturing to the soul as it was to believers a millennium and more ago.

Footnotes:

  1. "Who Discovered America? A New Look at an Old Question," National Geographic, December 1977.

  2. "The Voyage of Brendan," by Timothy Severin, ibid.

  3. "Christian Messages in Old Irish Script Deciphered from Rock Carvings in W. Va.," by Dr. Barry Fell, Wonderful West Virginia, March 1983

  4. Ibid.

  5. "Light Dawns on West Virginia History," by Ida Jane Gallagher, Wonderful West Virginia, ibid.

  6. Telepneff, Fr. Gregory, The Egyptian Desert in the Irish Bogs: The Byzantine Character of Early Celtic Monasticism, 1998

Reprinted from Orthodox Life, No. 1, 2001, pages 33-36.

You have reached the end of the primary article or news item(s) posted.  We take no responsibility or liability for News or other information posted at this web site, nor any link to other websites or the contents therein - If a link does not fully work... It is up to you, the viewer to use your "back" or "return" button to get back to this web site! 

 

 

Why News for an Orthodox Catholic Christian Church Website?

 

Copyright Notice

 

Requests for Removal of Information

 

See Notice for Mozilla Firefox Browser Users

Dear Reader:

The Vine & Crossroads Newsletter is a new endeavor which will be sent out through e-mail for those who we hope will be receptive to our endeavors to bring you information & news concerning not only our Orthodox Catholic Christian Faith, but concerning all that may have to do with your Religious, Civil and Legal Rights to worship and daily practice your faith.  However, at www.apostle1.com we have, as some of you know the DAILY NEWS Section too and we are seeking your help too!

Some who may be affected by what is happening in the USA, North, and South America as well as around the world are more than just faithful parishioners of this Jurisdiction (as we are scattered), but clergy from all walks of life and churches too! This is for them as well, even if they are not part of our Jurisdiction or even our faith!

We feel that when informed, you can make better decisions toward maintaining your rights of religious bearing as well as, hopefully, your civil rights too.  Yet, depending on the country in which you reside, even if it be a State or Province of that country; you may find you will eventually be limited from worshiping and speaking about your faith!

So, this struggle that we present as our first newsletter is one out of pain of heart for the faith once and for all delivered by Jesus Christ, the Holy Apostles and Patristic Fathers.

Inasmuch as the American Orthodox Church and the North American Orthodox Church is one Jurisdiction of World Wide Orthodoxy; we believe that since our dioceses and parishes are scattered; you need to know what is going on. 

Our Vladyka +Thaddeus (Metropolitan Archbishop) has granted us permission to provide this endeavor for you to review and comment on with hopes that you will join with us in providing current information and news...

Volunteers Sought - - -

Queue editors: We need more help in the queue. That's where articles go when writers submit them. Volunteer editors evaluate, edit, clean up and accept or reject articles. 

Transcribers: we need help transcribing recordings of interviews I do on my radio show and otherwise (the "Otherwise" means other programs not associated with our own efforts). We have a team and you take a share of a recording.

Subject/Area Editors:  are you passionate about an area? Volunteer as an editor and help find articles to post, writer to recruit to cover the area.

Article assignment writers: passionate about an area? Volunteer to accept assignments on specific areas.

Graphic artist: help us with art, layout, design for the site.

Website developer/programmer:  give use counsel, feedback advice on old and new features and functions of the site at http://www.apostle1.com and other websites we maintain.

YOU are the most valuable and important aspect of this newsletter.  We may need to redesign the newsletter as we explore how we can present our viewers, faithful parishioners, and clergy with the information and news so necessary to stay up-to-date.

Included in our newsletters will include information taken from our Western Orthodox Theological Institute (WOTI) and other areas to aide and reaffirm your spiritual and material understandings. 

Life itself is a religious experience whether or not you go to church on Sunday or stay at home... even if you do not believe in the root, ground and base of all things CHRISTIAN (follower of Jesus Christ) which is established in Orthodox Catholic Christianity itself ... you may find article and information important or interesting to your areas of life and living.

Religious News, Environmental News (about the earth and saving our planet's resources), Electronic,  digital or computer news pertaining to those who want to know what to do to keep their computer bug free and spam free. 

Those are just some of the areas we will cover... But that doesn't end there... There's more to come!  So, subscribe!  And offer an electronic copy to your friends by forwarding them a copy too... 

Metropolitan Archbishop +Joseph Thaddeus, Editor in Chief of www.apostle1.com

Monk Michael (Sweet), Managing Editor - Vine & Crossroads of Faith

 

Want more information?  Inasmuch as the following has to do with the Vine & Crossroads of Faith; it also has a lot to do with the DAILY NEWS SECTION at www.aposlte1.com - Click on:

HELP WANTED, locally, nationally & internationally!

 

You may wish to use any one of the two e-mail addresses to SUBSCRIBE and the other two to VOLUNTEER.

 

FOR SUBSCRIBING TO THE VINE & CROSSROADS OF FAITH ONLY:

E-Mail: monkmichael@newwarriorministries.com

E-Mail: apostlethaddeus@apostle1.com

 

FOR VOLUNTEERING ONLY:

E-Mail: monkmichael@newwarriorministries.com

E-Mail: apostlethaddeus@apostle1.com

 

Scroll down the page for more interesting articles and information or Go Back To:    

 

Submitting Your News and Other Items

 

Our AOC/NAOC Calendar & Recipes 2009 Information & Articles

 

An Introduction to the WOTI Courses/Gospels/Administration and more...

 

2009 Metropolitan Archbishop's Message

Commemorations Daily News   • About Our Jurisdictions 

HOLY ORDERS  Who Are The Thaddean Fathers? 

AOC/NAOC Clergy Our Clergy Application & Agreement 

Twenty First Century Desert Fathers

Is Mainline Orthodoxy world wide following Rome?

Detention Camps in the U.S. for emergencies ????

 

   Archdiocese of New Mexico & Diocese of the Southwest...

   • EDUCATION     Western Orthodox Theological Institute (WOTI) Special Message for New Students  • Liturgies  Daily Commemorations   • Seminary  

Our Monastic Community A Call To Discovery of Self  Luna county freedom AND TRUTH  Apostasy Index  PaschaLenten Season - Easter  • PAN (Prisoners & Parolees Anonymous)  • Lines of Succession and a Grammata on the meaning of Canonical  The Julian Vs. Gregorian Calendar and other Calendar articles

MISSIONARY CONVERSATIONS WITH PROTESTANT SECTARIANS 

A Reply to Protestant Sectarians  

Ancient Canons/Seven Ecumenical Councils  

An Understanding of the Ancient Canons

Ancient Canons/Seven Ecumenical Councils

A bit of understanding about the Fundamentalist Cults....

Modern Day Ecumenism and its horrors

•  How Many Times

New Warrior Ministries

VINE & CROSSROADS of Faith Newsletter  - On-line!

A New Study Primer

Special Information and articles

A Very Special Message (Originally posted October 8, 2007) still holds true for you today!

 

News Archives

Click Here For News Archives 2008

2006 - 2007 NEWS ARCHIVE

2005 News Archive

2004 news Archive

2003 News Archive.

Join: Apostle1group at Yahoo.com

      
 Join the: Apostle1group

 

Join the: Apostle1 group at MSN.GROUPS.com

Subscribe to americanorthodoxchurch
Powered by groups.yahoo.com

 

Civics & the Constitution for Clergy and

All God Loving, God Fearing people of Faith

 

Can You See Where We Are Heading? - God, Man & the World - Awake I

  God, Man & the World - Part B - Awake II - Continuation of ‘One World Government’, ‘One World Religion’ & the ‘One World banking System’

 God, Man & the World - Part C - Awake III - THE UNITED NATIONS, THE INTERNATIONAL MONEY FUND AND THE WORLD BANK:

God, Man & the World - Part D - Awake IV - Tavistock Institute, the Best Kept Secret in America

God, Man & the World - Part E - Awake V - U. N. Influence in Our Schools

God, Man & the World - Part F - Awake VI - The United Nation’s Plans for the Future of the World

God, Man & the World- Part G - Awake VII - What is the  - "Club of Rome?"

God, Man & the World - Part H - Awake VIII - A Closer Look at the One World Order and Bible Prophecy – Part I

God, Man & the World - Part I - Awake IX - A Closer look at the One World Order and Bible Prophecy – Part II - The Culture War in America

  God, Man & the World - Part J - Awake X - A Closer Look at the One World Order and Bible Prophecy – Part III - The Devaluation of Life

 

The Alex Jones Web Sites and Radio Shows

 

 

Click on the image for New Warrior Ministries

 to: Monk Michael's Newsletter

 

 

Evangelical Catholic Church

IS NOT ROMAN, but Orthodox and provide information for all concerned

 

(Click On Image to visit web site)

 

 

Return to:

Luna County Freedom, Inc.

 

Copyright Notice
 

This website is the property of the American Orthodox Church (AOC), North American Orthodox Church (NAOC) and the American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC). This website and all it's contents are under Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 by the American Orthodox Church (AOC), North American Orthodox Church (NAOC) and the American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC).

 

All Rights Reserved under International Copyright Conventions. No part or whole of this website may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information, storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from either the American Orthodox Church (AOC), North American Orthodox Church (NAOC) or the American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC). Information provided in any directory(ies) may not be recompiled into other directories or used as the basis for a derived work without explicit written permission.

U.S. Copyright Office

Library of Congress
101 Independence Ave. S.E. Washington, D.C. 20559-6000
http://lcweb.loc.gov/copyright/
For permission to copy or use any of this material please contact us by using the E-Mail or the Postal Address located at the left of this page.

Regarding Copyrighted (c) Copyrighted Logos at this website:

All logos of this Website are copyrighted by their owners and Apostle1.com in California and/or New Mexico 1999 - 2008  by the American Orthodox Church, Inc. (California), North American Orthodox Church (New Mexico) and the American Orthodox Catholic Church

Designed by Webfriar Ministries, and His Eminence Metropolitan Archbishop  +Joseph Thaddeus (Stanford), OSB, SSJt., Ph.D.

 

 

Requests for Removal of Information 

Sometimes a news item or information that may be sent to us contains information not known to us as being personal or sensitive.  Regrettably we are not aware of that information being what it is to you... Please, when sending us e-mail for particular information to be removed, highlight the address of the particular web page in your browser's address bar for that page.  Click once on the browser address bar to highlight that whole address which usually begins with {http://www.apostle1.com/ and the name or identification of the web page you are on }.... This is important!  Highly Important information to us if we are to provide any kind of assistance to you.  As you know, this web site contains hundreds of web pages.  As a result of trying to serve the needs of viewers, it becomes most difficult for any one person to accommodate such  e-mail requests unless the information is provided...

 

Without that particular information, your request will automatically be denied. 

 

Ever since a mentally challenged individual "fraudulently" (as it is opined, and alleged) brought an action in  a local Luna County, New Mexico District Court against our Vlaydka and those with him in spirit and in truth, we are still culling the web site for potential problems relating directly to her as she and those who she is with had published a rather dishonorable news rage with alleged white supremist (Nazi?) connections who hate anything "Catholic" (be it of the Roman or Orthodox Catholic Jurisdictions).

Why News for an Orthodox Catholic Christian Church Website?

Daily News is very important to those who are true Orthodox Catholic Christians.  For without knowing or gaining information for understanding about what is happening in one's local area and around the world, you could  find yourself faced with denied services in the secular area, lack of income, even (although it sounds far-fetched) ability to worship openly for the time is not far off when all will have to decide if they wish to follow the Anti-Christ through the One World Church and One World Government as prophesied by the Apocalypse, the Book of Revelation of St. John or follow the faith delivered once and for all which will cause for many to be denied the abilities to survive under those kind of conditions, causing for one to consider other options. 

 

Many of those who subscribe to, and some who have caused or are the cause for, these things to happen are involved in or with the Roman Jurisdiction of the Catholic Church (which is not the seat of all things "Catholic") as well as its protestant daughters such as the cultic Jehovah's Witnesses, the Pentecostal Churches, the Church of Latter Day Saints also known as the Mormon Church and far too many more to list. 

 

Yet, at this web site we do provide some of the reasons about why they are opined to be the harbingers of that which is prophesied in Holy Scripture for the bringing about of the End Times which we have already entered.  It is not necessarily their individual members or parishioners that should be blamed since they are only the "Sheep" and not the Shepherds... So do not think we castigate individual people of themselves as we castigate those "money changers" who Jesus Christ chased out of His Father's House as the Bible Describes; for they exist in these present times too.

 

Events are already rushing toward that time in which this is beginning to happen and will become more fully wide-spread. In these present times all you need to really do is look around both your local and larger areas as to what is really on-going through.  Things so very little or miniscule that they are barely noticeable except to the more informed observer may become apparent. 

Those little things are the laws of the land, economics, politics, the degrading and erosion of those rights and liberties afforded by the Constitution of these United States of America and many other things such as the manner with which entertainments have taken over much of the populace, entering into and becoming a major focus in worship, and more. 

We ask you, if you don't want to believe us... Have you heard, seen or found what is termed (of the many terms being used) that there are "holding areas" or "camps" or "Closed/Fenced communities" being built by GOVERNMENT? 

Here in North America, especially in the United States of America, we must admit that what Russia has come out of (a communistic, atheist country) we are entering into.  And one last thing that needs also to be understood... Something very important to those of you who are "Catholic" in the Roman sense of its jurisdiction....   And, we believe this also holds true for many who are "Orthodox" whether "Eastern" or "Western"....

"Never, never, never let anyone tell you that, in order to be Orthodox, you must also be eastern. The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."

- Blessed St. John Maximovitch of Shanghai and San Francisco

 

So, as said, Daily News is very important to the true Orthodox Catholic Christian.

 

 

AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH

and the

NORTH AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH

VISITORS BY APPOINTMENT ONLY

Mailing Address Only: 412 So. Copper St., Deming, NM 88030

(575) 546-9923

Institutions include, but are not limited to the following:

 

Catholic Christian Church, Orthodox Benedictine,

Holy Order and Society of St. Jude Thaddeus

Brotherhood of St. John Maximovitch & the Holy Theotokos

 

Home page

 

Free Web Counter
Free Hit Counter