AMERICAN and UKRAINIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH
HISTORY OF THE ORTHODOX BENEDICTINE:
"What I am against, even my faithful Roman Catholic friends and clergy I find are also against but are very reluctant to speak out on; is..." "...that..." "...their Church, some of their Cardinals and many of their Bishops, many of their priests, even Monastics of the Benedictine; are riding two horses. They bow low to Caesar (government), they bow low to image and glory and all that it represents including silver and gold which holds sway, while forgetting or putting off into the background that which is our duty to prepare people for life and life after death. They are puffed in the importance of their own self-image. In the doing, they have taken action in their walk and talk in this life in a manner inconsistent with all the intentions of the One, Holy, Orthodox, Catholic and Apostolic Church as provided by the Seven Ecumenical Councils, many of the Patristic Fathers, and have been playing for centuries as they do now, a man-made game of politics which has aided in bringing about the Sex Scandal and the denial of who is or or is not Benedictine as though they are the arbiters and sole authority of who is or is not CATHOLIC.
Much like attempts at re-inventing the wheel is impossible, so it also is with HISTORY... It cannot be re-written and it is to that which they deny and act, in such a fashion as to be comparable with the Sanhedrin, the scribes and Pharisees. The Roman Catholic Church does indeed hold valid orders! They serve the same Christ We do! Yet, their pompous, arrogant, elitist attitudes of indifference and deference is what makes them outside of that which they came from. Unlike the Protestant who are wholly outside the Church in their various denominational splinter groups and heresies... The Roman Catholics are only Schismatics at best! And this would seemingly apply to the RCC Benedictine as well." Quotes from +Thaddeus
AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH
HISTORY OF THE ORTHODOX BENEDICTINE:
The history of the Orthodox Benedictine begins in the 8th century. They were part of the Order of St. Benedict who lived the Rule of St. Benedict and established in the 6th century. In the 8th century, Monasticism in the West had been reduced to a mere shadow of what it once was.
The Abbots were usually from the wealthy families and were interested only in power, money and position. All forms of religious piety were conspicuous in its absence. While there were some who rose above the sin and depravity of the Monastery to become great Saints, the norm was Monks who had become victims to the world, the flesh and the devil.
In 836, the Council of Aix-La-Chapelle openly admitted that homosexuality and all other forms of sin and vice was rampant in the Monasteries.
Monks who tried to reverse the trend were forced out of the Monastery, branded as heretics or schismatic and even killed.
The situation was complicated by the same depraved situation common among Bishops and most pronounced in the Papal Chambers and all of Vatican City.
Pope Sergius III not only killed off his competition, he obviously was insane. He exhumed the body of Pope Formosa (dead some 10 years) and beheaded the corpse. He had sexual relationships with young girls and even fathered children while he was Pope.
Pope Sergius III was the first Pope to wear the Tiara. All subsequent Popes continued this practice until Pope John Paul I. Pope Sergius III Established, with the wearing of the Tiara, the Rite of "Coronation" which included the following:
[ Source material: Lucius Ferraris, "Papa" art 2. in his Prompta Bibliotheca Canonica, Vol 5, published in Petit-Montrouge (Paris) by J.P. Migne, 1858]
"The Pope is of so great dignity and so exalted that he is not a mere man but as it were God, the Vicar of God. Hence the Pope is crowned with a triple crown as King of Heaven and of earth and of the lower regions."
As the Tiara is placed on the head, "Receive the Tiara adorned with three crowns and know that you are Father of princes and Kings, ruler of the world and Vicar of Jesus Christ.
(A concise History – 1st Edition – p120 copyright 1959)
This was unacceptable to any who wish to retain the faith and praxis of Holy Orthodoxy.
In the late 800’s and the early 900’s Monks from various religious Orders fled the Monasteries and tried to establish Monasteries that would be faithful to the Monastic ideal. They were hunted down and murdered. Some from various communities of men found their way to the East.
The Latin Orthodox Benedictine found refuge in MT Athos in 925 A.D.
From 925 A.D. to around the early 1200’s Benedictine Monks from the West who were determined to remain true to the faith and praxis of Holy Orthodoxy found their way to MT. Athos in Greece. Many more decided to remain in the West and accept the sin or even join in the sinful life style and perversions of the Monasteries.
Today there are many large, rich and impressive Monasteries and Churches who were established in their wealth by the sins of the founders and early inhabitants whose goal was only to establish wealth, power and social position.
Rather than being a temple to the glory of God, they are temples to the avarice and greed of the early Churchmen who built them.
In 933 A.D., Patriarch Theophylactus of Constantinople established the Monks who had fled the West and found safe harbor at MT. Athos as a parochial entity under the Omophor of the Patriarch.
The early Monks had hoped their stay in the East would be short lived and soon the Monasteries in the West would return to the Spirit-Filled calling of Monastic life. This was not to be. Things became worse in the West. The corruption had seized the very Western Patriarchate itself.
The Benedictine Monks who became known as the Latin Orthodox Benedictine were very much at home at MT. Athos and lived the life of a hermit with great devotion and piety. In the early to mid 1200’s, many started to leave in order to return to the West or at least go out among the people.
War, debates and internal fighting in the East made difficult any missionary or Priestly outreach.
In 1331 many returned to MT. Athos and again were made to feel at home and given safe harbor during those turbulent times.
In 1345 A.D. Patriarch John XIV Kalekas, himself beset with controversy and debates, declared the Latin Orthodox Church to be autocephalous and self-governing and given his blessing. He did this for several reasons, firstly, he was known to like Western Orthodox Liturgy and praxis. Secondly, it gave him a way to get back at Pope Innocent IV who described himself as "Praesentia Corporalis Christi" [the bodily presence of Christ] but more to the point he saw this move as a way to get back at Pope John XXII who excommunicated 1 Patriarch, 5 Archbishops, 30 Bishops and 146 Abbots for not paying a Papal Tax. Pope John XXII also had a schedule of fees for the absolution of various sins.
This also was a way to show contempt for the 4th Lateran Council and Pope Innocent III who had declared "Every cleric must obey the Pope, even if he command what is evil, for no one can judge the Pope."
The people had given the Latin Orthodox Benedictine the name Latin Orthodox Church as a way of differentiating them from the more common Eastern praxis. The name stuck and is still used today.
The Apostolic Succession of the Latin Orthodox Benedictine and the Latin Orthodox Church of America is from the Russian Orthodox Church, the Greek Orthodox Church and the Ukrainian Orthodox Catholic Church.
While the Latin Orthodox Church of America is Latin in her tradition, she is Orthodox in faith and praxis. On April 4, 1951, Archbishop +Michael in his official position as Exarch to the Ecumenical Patriarch, wrote a letter confirming the validity of our Apostolic Succession and the continuity of our Orthodox faith and praxis. On June 29, 1973 the Patriarch of Alexandria joined in recognizing our line of Apostolic Succession and our valid succession of Orthodox truth. In April 1976, Metropolitan Ireney, Archbishop of New York and Metropolitan of All-America and Canada for the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) wrote and confirmed our Apostolic Succession and valid Succession of Apostolic truth. All these men and others have confirmed we have valid tactile Succession from the Apostles and valid Succession of Apostolic truth. They confirm our Orders as valid and recognize us as true Orthodox Priests and Bishops but it is not their recognition that makes us truly Orthodox. What makes us Orthodox is we have held faithful to the Apostolic truths of Holy Orthodoxy believed everywhere, at all times by all people. We have an unbroken line of Succession through the laying on of hands back to the Apostles themselves and have retained the faith as handed down from the Apostles.
There is only one Orthodox Church. The Church is not only in the East and not only in the West.
It is necessary to make oneself Orthodox but it is not necessary to make oneself Eastern.Monseigneur John of Saint Dennis said in "Presence Orthodoxe de 1983, "It is necessary to be careful not to identify the Orthodox Church, the Mother Church, with the Eastern Churches. The one is universal, the others are limited geographically, culturally and ritually; they are local. The West must never forget to discern within Orthodoxy that which is universal and that which is local. If one desires that ones joining be organic, stripped of that which is exotic and artificial, it is necessary that one make oneself Orthodox but not to the point of making oneself eastern."
Quotes from +Thaddeus
Back To: Host's Main Page