The American Orthodox Church (North American Orthodox Church, American Orthodox Catholic Church, and the Catholic Christian Church) are not new jurisdictions adding to the already multitude of Orthodox jurisdictions in the One, Holy, Orthodox, Catholic, Christian Church today, but rather a Western Rite expression of the ancient faith established by the successors to the Apostle Andrew through the Apostolic See at Constantinople and the Apostle Peter through the Apostolic See at Antioch.

   The American Orthodox Church and those with her, have perfect continuity and Apostolic Lines of Succession from Jesus Christ and the Apostles, from the birthday of the Church at Pentecost.  We have maintained the true Succession of Apostolic Truth as well as the valid tactile Succession from the Apostles by the laying on of hands, anointing of oils and other spiritual and material traditions.

   The Western Rite recognizes that many in the Church identify with the West as their cultural foundation and desire to express the faith in Western terms. It is not a different faith from their fathers and mothers who came to North America from ancient Scythia (Ukraine), Russia, Greece, Albania, Poland etc. but it is expressed in Western terms.  There is only one Holy Orthodox and Catholic Church which is larger than any one nationality, culture or tradition.  There is only one Holy Orthodox and Catholic Church identified by those having valid tactile Succession from the Apostles through the laying on of hands, true succession of Apostolic truth (Oral and Written) and the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit which binds us all in love to God and to each other.


is not the same as UNION:  

   We cannot and do not define Orthodoxy in terms of subjugation to any one Patriarch.  All who hold the Faith (Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ, as given to the Holy Apostles, Patristic Fathers, the Seven Ecumenical Councils of ancient time) are all in communion each with the other.

     Some jurisdictions, such as this jurisdiction (AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH and all other jurisdictions who are members of her Holy Synod) having been given "Autocephelous" by the Moscow Patriarch in times past, are valid jurisdictions in conformity to the ancient Seven Ecumenical Councils, faith and praxis of the Orthodox Church East and West. We recognize that "Lines of Succession" alone does not make a jurisdiction or their bishops as VALID jurisdictions alone.  Such validity must be the expression of all who are her clergy, to abide by the spiritual implications that are not necessarily able to be expressed in or through just written words like a document or financial flow-chart mentality.  Our GRAMMATA ON THE MEANING OF CANONICAL is more fully set forth in our Primate's Lines of Succession.


is not the same as COMMUNION:

   Union with a Patriarch is not the litmus test for Orthodox Catholiciam. The beginnings of our American experience is the story of Father Ivan Wolansky, a Ukrainian Catholic Priest who came to America in December of 1884.  He came here with high hopes, great expectations and a wife. Father did not expect to have any problem with the Latin (Roman) Rite Catholic Bishops and Priests in the United States, however, they rejected him as not being a Catholic because he was married and not of the "Roman" Catholic Church. 

   Father Ivan went to visit the Latin (Roman) Rite Archbishop, +Patrick Ryan, in Philadelphia.  He never was able to receive an audience with His Eminence because as soon as it was discovered he was married the doors were closed.  After several attempts to build a bridge of cooperation and fraternal Christian charity he was told that the Latin (Roman) Rite Bishop did not even consider Father to be a Catholic because he was "Orthodox" and not "Roman Catholic".  There was no objection to Father, other than he was married.  

   The Latin (Roman) Rite Bishop viewed Father Ivan as competition. The man- made regulations of the West were seen as definitive of who is and who is not a Catholic because the "Roman" Church believed then, as it often does today, that it holds exclusive rights to the use of the term and word "Catholic" which is heretical in and of itself as such divides the faith of the true church.  It was the arrogance of western Catholicism being the Roman Catholic Church that was expressed and also the ignorance of the local Bishops regarding Eastern Rite (Orthodox) Catholics.  It is important to remember, all these men were in full union with Rome and when they rejected Father Ivan they rejected another Priest in full communion with Rome as not being a Catholic on the basis of his marital status. 

   In 1880, the Roman Catholic Church's Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith issued a decree requiring all Priests who came to America to have faculties from the local Latin (Roman) Rite Ordinary.  It further mandated celibacy for all clergy.  This obviously was a concerted effort to exclude Eastern Catholics (Orthodox) and a denouncement of all Eastern (Orthodox) clergy who elected to come to America.  It also relegated all Eastern (Orthodox) Catholics to a position of second-class status. Orientalium Dignitas issued in 1894 by His All Holiness Leo XIII, Bishop at Rome and Patriarch of the West, required subordination of Eastern Rite (Orthodox) Catholics to Latin Rite authority but allowed the use of the Eastern Rite. 

   In 1889, Father Ivan established a parish church named Protection of Our Lady.  Father Alexius Toth (Later St. Alexius Toth) became the administrator shortly thereafter.  Father Toth presented his credentials to the Latin (Roman) Rite Bishop, +John Ireland.  When it was discovered that Father Alexius was a widower Bishop Ireland told him he also was not Catholic and even added that the Greek Catholic Bishop of Presov, +Ivan Valia, (also in union with Rome) was not Catholic either  (So much for fraternal charity and the brotherhood of clergy).  Not content to be personally insulting, Bishop Ireland further demonstrated his arrogance and unholy purpose by declaring that no Priests were to associate with Father Toth and issued a mandate to be read in all parishes that none were to attend Mass or receive the Sacraments from Father Toth. As a Professor of Canon Law, Father knew his rights under terms of the Unia and rejected the unlawful declaration of +John Ireland.

   Father responded by gathering eight other Eastern (Orthodox) Catholic Priests. They found that the Eastern Rite (Orthodox) Catholic Bishops were no more disposed to help than the Latin (Roman) Rite Bishops, so much did they fear the Latin Rite Bishops and Rome.  Father Toth and his congregation, guided by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, made the decision to return to Holy Orthodoxy, which was the religion of their ancestors and existed prior to the schism of the Western Church (Roman Catholic) from the "Catholic Christian Church". 

   In 1891, the last year of his Episcopal service, His Eminence + Vladimir Sokolovsky Russian Orthodox Bishop of the Aleutians and Alaska received Father Toth, Mr. Paul Podany the parish Warden, and the congregation into Holy Orthodoxy.  The people were the impetus for this glorious event, with no pressure or force from the Priests or others outside.  In addition, the Holy Spirit led 304 local Greek Catholics who also embraced the true religion of their ancestors and were received into Holy Orthodoxy. The parish church established by Father Ivan Wolansky, Protection of Our Lady in Minneapolis, transferred into Holy Orthodoxy and became the center for the true light of truth and the blessings of the Holy Spirit in the area. So powerful was the working of the Holy Spirit, that in a short time, thousands were compelled by the truth of Holy Orthodoxy to embrace the ancient faith of the Apostles and were received into the Holy Orthodox Church.  This was nothing short of another Pentecost. 

   Many of the Eastern (Orthodox) Catholic Priests also embraced Holy Mother Church and were received into Holy Orthodoxy.  Among the many Priests received into the Orthodox Church were Father Alexander Stephanovich Dzubay who would later be consecrated to the Holy Episcopacy on 7 August 1917 by Archbishop +Evdokim (Basil Mikhailovich Meschersky) and Bishop +Alexander (Alexandrovich Nemolovsky).  Bishop +Stephen (Dzubay) served as Bishop of the Vicariate of the Aleutian Diocese from 1916-1917.  So much were Orthodox hated by the Latin Bishops, they called Orthodox Priests “Vykroplenci” which was a derogatory term meaning pseudo priests".


  On May 13, 1917 (O.S.) Archbishop +Evdokim (Basil Mikahailovich Meschersky), (Russian Orthodox) assisted by Bishop +Alexander (Nemolovsky) and Bishop +Alexander Stephanovich Dzubay of Pittsburgh, consecrated Father Aftimios Ofiesch in St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church in New York City.  Bishop +Aftimios was consecrated for Brooklyn, New York.  In 1922, Metropolitan Platon (Rozhdestvensky) assumed leadership of the Russian Orthodox Church in North America having received the appointment by Patriarch (Saint) Tikhon of Moscow and all Russia.  In 1923, Metropolitan Platon, with the approval of Patriarch Tikhon elevated Bishop +Aftimios to the position of Archbishop.


   When Archbishop Evdokim of the Russian Orthodox Church arrived in the North American Diocese in 1915, he set out to make the vision of Abp.  Tikhon for a uniquely American Orthodox Church a reality. Father Aftimios (Ofiesh) was consecrated by Abp. Evdokim in early months of 1917 to serve as Bishop of Brooklyn and head of the Syro-Arab Mission as successor to Bishop Raphael (Hawaweeny), who had died in 1915. For this same work Bishop Aftimios was elevated to archbishop by Metropolitan Platon in 1923. He was later given responsibility for the growing English-language mission.

   On February 2, 1927, a solemn act was signed by Russian Orthodox Church officials, charging Abp. Aftimios with the full responsibility and duty of caring and providing for American Orthodoxy in the special sense of Orthodox Catholic People born in America and primarily of whatever nationality or linguistic character or derivation not satisfactorily provided with proper canonical Orthodox Catholic care... or who may wish to attach themselves by the properly and legally provided means to an autonomous, independent, American Orthodox Church.

   This first attempt at an American Orthodox Church met with opposition from various autocephalous Orthodox Churches, with little to no support from other ethnic churches in America. Sadly, the Ethnic Orthodox in America, continue to resist an American expression of the ancient Orthodox and Catholic faith. They believe Orthodoxy must be presented in Eastern terms, in Eastern Liturgy and Eastern Tradition.  This belief is called the heresy of Cultural Paradosis.  Sadly, a similarity to the treatment given to Father Ivan after he arrived in 1884 by the Roman Catholic Church in America. (NB: There are, in these present times, those of another jurisdiction who feel that they are the only ones who have the right, by operation of civil law within a geographical areas of a particular state of the U.S.A. where they were able by dint or din, to obtain control of the name AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH "AOC" and believe that they are the only ones who have the right to use such jurisdictional nomenclature, going so far as to take civil action against others or by using the internet to conduct what is opined as "internet terrorism" upon clergy high and low as an attempt to force others not to use either the name "AOC" or any derivative of the name.  They further believe they are the only ones who have legitimate rights by way of their also having the same or similar "lines of succession".  This is not true Orthodox Spirituality in action, but an action by men who have failed or refused to abide by the Faith and spiritual teachings in a manner whereby man's politics is separated from the spiritual life and teachings.  Their actions to control others is much the same as the politics that run amuck in the "curia" of the Roman Jurisdiction of the Catholic Church which ORTHODOXY and those who are truly Orthodox strugglers out of pain of heart for the faith, avoid and reject which aids in understanding the difference of who are truly Catholic Christian versus those who are "Christian" in name only). 

   A second call for an American Orthodox Church and even for the establishment of a Patriarchate was made by Metropolitan Theophanies (Fan S. Noli) of the Albanian Church. As a priest serving in the United States from 1908 until the 1920’s he was a loud voice calling for a united American Orthodox Church and for the liturgical use of English.

   While he was elected bishop of the Albanian Orthodox Church in America in 1919, the Albanian political climate (the Balkan Wars and the independence of Albania) prevented his consecration until 1923. To represent his nation, Met. Theophanies served in the Albanian Parliament, and was Prime Minister of Albania in 1924. He was forced to leave Albania that same year but was unable to re-enter the United States until 1932.

   Before his death in 1965, Metropolitan Theophanies published eight liturgical books in English, many of which are still being used today. He also participated in the consecration of additional bishops, which, when combined with those consecrated by Abp. Aftimios, establish the mission and the apostolic succession for our American Orthodox Church.  While there are other "American Orthodox Church" institutions in other states (geographical areas) of the U.S.A, they maintained themselves more as "parish" and not as a fully active and functioning "Jurisdiction" with an active Holy Synod of Bishops, clergy, monastic, parishes of faithful.

   A third and very successful attempt at establishing an American Orthodox Church jurisdiction with an active and functioning Holy Synod of Bishops, monastic Holy Orders, Clergy, Parishes of faithful, was made by Archbishop David Baxter in 1973.  Archbishop Joachim Souris with Bishop Stanislaus De Witow consecrated Archbishop Walter Propheta for the American Orthodox Church as all participants held the Aftimios lines of succession holding to and maintaining, according to their nature and degree of ability, Orthodox spirituality. Archbishop Walter Propheta consecrated Archbishop  David Baxter on October 12, 1969 for the Orthodox Church of America.  In 1973, Archbishop David Baxter consecrated Bishop David M. Johnson, passing on to him the mandate from +Aftimios (Ofiesh) and canonically established our American Orthodox Church jurisdiction, charging Bishop David Johnson with the responsibility of establishing a Western Rite American Orthodox Church. It is known that there were problems between +Baxter and +Johnson which were on and off again disagreements.  In all their problems, repentance and forgiveness were the modus operandi, and given the seriousness of +Johnson's health issues, which were severe, he was able to maintain a small jurisdictional impact and operated with the help of another priest, Don Cheadle, not a "paper church" from Long Beach, California, contrary to some opinions.

   In 1980, with the mandate having been issued, Archbishop David M. Johnson, due to matters of health, in front of several witnesses (American Legion Hellenic Post) and parishioners of both the San Francisco Greek Orthodox Church and the American Orthodox Church, signed over the rights, title and interest of our American Orthodox Church jurisdiction to His Eminence, +Joseph Thaddeus (Stanford) who has been its primate ever since his consecration in 1981 for this expressed purpose which began on +Thaddeus's initial operation of the Catholic Christian Church. 


   On August 14, 1921, Patriarch Gregory of Antioch wrote to Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow, submitting a proposal to establish his Antiochian jurisdiction in America. The Russian Patriarch (who had served as Archbishop of America prior to the Russian Revolution) stated in his reply dated January 17,   1922, "the 'Russy -- Antaki' conflict must be resolved with the approval of the Russian authorities in the New World and their supporter Aftimios Ofiesh". The Patriarch of Antioch must first obtain permission of the Russian Orthodox Bishops in North America including Bishop Aftimios before the 'Antiochians' could establish their jurisdictions.

   In 1922, Metropolitan Platon (Rozhdestvensky) assumed leadership over the Russian Orthodox Church in North America. Metropolitan Platon was appointed by Patriarch (Saint) Tikhon of Moscow and All Russia. In 1923, Metropolitan Platon, with the approval of Patriarch Tikhon, elevated Bishop Aftimios (Ofiesh) to Archbishop.

   It is important to remember, the Russian Orthodox Church declared itself independent of Constantinople without approval of Constantinople and for over 140 years Moscow was “independent” by it’s own initiative.  It was only after Moscow became rich in the things of the world that Constantinople was forced by political realities to recognize them as an independent Church and Patriarchate. 

   When in 1922 the Russian Orthodox Church found herself subject to cruel persecution by the atheistic State, Patriarch Meletios of Constantinople, deviating from the majority of the world’s church leaders did not support the imprisoned Patriarch Tikhon and expressed support and endorsement for the Bolsheviks and the Bolshevik inspired Renovationist Schism. 

   In 1922, Patriarch Meletios Metaxasis of Constantinople wanted to have the entire Church in what he called the “Diaspora” of Europe and America submit to his authority.  His successor, Patriarch Gregory VII, through his Moscow representative Archmandrite Basil Dimopoulo expressed his wish that Patriarch Tikhon divest himself of the Office of Patriarch and that the Patriarchate itself be abolished and Russia submit to Constantinople.  On June 6th, 1924 Patriarch Tikhon wrote to Patriarch Gregory VII Of Constantinople as follows:

In no small measure we were shocked and surprised that the Head of the Church of Constantinople without any prior consultation with us, the legitimate representative and Head of the Russian Orthodox Church, would interfere in the internal affairs of the Autocephalous Russian Church.  The Holy Councils recognized the primacy of honor alone as the prerogative of the Patriarch of Constantinople and did not and do not recognize any primacy of authority.

   On April 4, 1951, Archbishop +Michael in his official capacity as Exarch to the Ecumenical Patriarch recognized our Apostolic Succession and the validity of our Priests and Bishops.  On June 29th, 1973 The Patriarch of Alexandria joined with Archbishop +Michael and the Ecumenical Patriarch in recognizing us as true Orthodox Priests and Bishops.  In April 1976, Metropolitan Ireney, Archbishop of New York and ALL-America and Canada for the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) joined his voice to recognize us as brothers in the Episcopacy.

  Archbishop +Aftimios (Ofiesch) assisted by Bishop +Emmanuel (Abo-Hatab) Bishop of Montreal and Archbishop +Elias of Tyre and Sidon consecrated Bishop +Sophronios (Bashira) on May 26th, 1928 as Bishop of Los Angeles, California.  Archbishop +Aftimios (Ofiesch) assisted by Bishop +Sophronios (Bashira) consecrated Bishop +Joseph Zuk as the first American born Bishop for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church on February 7, 1932.

   With the consecration of Bishop +Joseph Zuk, the return to Orthodoxy was complete.  Ukrainians who came under the secular control of the Roman Catholic Polish Kingdom were isolated from both Moscow and Constantinople and found themselves oppressed financially and legally.  In order to preserve their Church in Polish lands, the Ukrainians proposed a treaty between Kiev and Rome, as between two Sister Churches by which the Ukrainians would recognize the primacy (not Supremacy) of Rome and Rome would allow the Ukrainians to maintain their own Hierarchy, Liturgy, Theology and customs  (Treaty of Brest 1596). Two years later in 1598, Rome had a change of heart and rescinded the Treaty of Brest issuing the Papal Bull, Magnus Dominum which nullified the Treaty (so much for written agreements and guarantees) and said that the Church at Rome and the Church of Christ are co-terminous and because the Church at Rome is the ONLY true Church and ALONE is the Ark of Salvation, those who desire membership cannot make preconditions but must make absolute submission.  The Ukrainians had burned their bridges behind them and had no place to go, hence they submitted to the yoke of Rome.  They were told they were repentant schismatics who were allowed to function according to their own Rites by dispensation and not by any inherent right of their own. 

   Archbishop +Sophronius (Bashira) of the Greek Diocese of Los Angeles with Albanian Metropolitan +Theophanies (Noli) of Boston consecrated Archbishop +Christopher (Contogeorge) on February 10, 1934 at the Church of Sts. Constantine and Helen in New York City. He was Consecrated Bishop of Philadelphia.  In 1947 he became Metropolitan of Pentapolis and Exarch for the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, Egypt and all Africa in the U.S.A.

   Archbishop +Christopher (Contogeorge) with Albanian Metropolitan +Theophanies (Noli) on August 25, 1934 at the Church of St. John the Baptist in New York City consecrated Archbishop +Arsenios (Saltas). In 1954, he was made Exarch of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, Egypt and all Africa in the U.S.A.  Archbishop +Christopher (Contogeorge) with Bishop +Ambrosius of Aman, Jordan, in accordance with orders from the Holy Synod of Moscow, on November 3, 1935 consecrated Archbishop +Nicholas (Kedroffsky) as Archbishop of North America and the Aleutian Islands.  The Consecration took place at the Russian Cathedral of St. Nicholas in New York City.

   Archbishop +Nicholas (Kedroffsky) with Archbishop +Arsenios (Saltas) and Archbishop +Benjamin (Fedchenkoff) of the Moscow Patriarchate in 1935 at the Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. Nicholas in New York City consecrated Bishop+Joseph (Klymowycz) of Springfield, Massachusetts for the Russian Jurisdiction.

    Archbishop +Christopher (Contogeorge) with Archbishop +Arsenios (Saltas) consecrated Archbishop +Konstantin (Jaroshevich) in 1949 for the Patriarchate of Alexandria. Metropolitan +Joseph (Klymowycz) with Archbishop +Konstantin (Jaroshevich) on October 14, 1950 at Springfield, Massachusetts consecrated Ukrainian Metropolitan Nicholas (Bohatyretz) for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.

    Metropolitan +Joseph (Klymowycz) with Archbishop +Konstantin (Jaroshevich) and Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Nicholas (Bohatyretz) and Metropolitan +Joseph (Zielonka) and Metropolitan +Peter Williamowich  on October 15, 1950 at Sts. Peter and Paul Russian Orthodox Church in Springfield, Massachusetts consecrated Bishop +Peter Andreas (Zhurawetzky). 

 (N.B.:   Archbishop +Peter (Zhurawetsky) issued a mandate for the establishment of the AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH, as he had also received it, passing it on to +David Baxter, after being consecrated and at a later time,  who then passed it on to +David Mark Johnson as shown toward the end of this article.)

    In 1978, Archbishop +Peter  (Zhurawetsky)  assisted by Greek Archbishop +Joachim (Souris) and Greek Bishop +Lavrentios (Maniatakis) consecrated Metropolitan +Nicholas (Llnyckyj) for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.  May 13, 1989, Metropolitan +Nicholas (Llnyckyj) assisted by Bishop +Christopher (Jones) and Bishop +David (Quilliams) consecrated Metropolitan +Yuri (Spaeth) for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. On January 17, 1999 Metropolitan Archbishop +Yuri (Spaeth) assisted by Archbishop +Matthew (McCarthy) consecrated Archbishop +Michael Damian-Benedict (Palladino)  for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Western Rite Metropolia which has since become known as the Athontie Benedictine Fathers of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. 

Left to Right:

Archbishop Michael Damian-Benedict, O.S.B.,with Metropolitan Archbishop Yuri Spaeth

On June, 2003, Metropolitan Archbishop +Michael Damian-Benedict (Palladino) assisted by Bishop +Thomas (Tindall) consecrated Metropolitan Archbishop +Roger Alan Joseph Daningburg-Harris Stanford (+Thaddeus, SSJT.) for the American Orthodox Church in Ekonomia, recognizing previous consecrations, except one.   

Metropolitan Archbishop +Joseph Thaddeus, SSJt.

American Orthodox Church -  Primate

    A Western Rite Orthodoxy is evidence of a faith capable of remaking our contemporary society. Western  Rite Orthodoxy celebrates our North American community in which all are cherished because we are all Americans.  Western Orthodoxy is equal in dignity to the Orthodoxy found in the East,  Canon 6 of Nicea required we form a new jurisdiction rather than operate as a dependency of an Eastern jurisdiction.   Vladimir Lossky in 1937 wrote to the members of the Commission for Occidental (Western) Orthodox affairs:  None of the Eastern Churches such as Constantinople or Russia can appropriate for itself the territory of the West, (Example: North America).  Only a local Church can be born from the same Western soil as the result of mission of a restored Occidental (Western Orthodoxy) with it's own traditions and spirituality.  Supporting this view are such great Greek Canonists as Balsamon and Zinaras who have stated that according to Canon 6 of Nicea the native Church of the West cannot be a diocese of an Eastern Church, all the more so since Orthodoxy is not limited to only territories of Eastern Europe.

    Monseigneur John of Saint Denis said in Presence Orthodoxe de 1983 n.3, page 18,  "It is necessary to be careful not to identify the Orthodox Church, the Mother Church, with the Eastern Churches. The one is universal, the others are limited geographically, culturally and Ritually; they are local."  He goes on to say: The West must never forget to discern within Orthodoxy that which is universal and that which is local.  If one desires that ones joining be organic, stripped of that which is exotic and artificial, it is necessary that one "MAKE ONESELF ORTHODOX BUT NOT TO THE POINT OF MAKING ONESELF EASTERN."

    The challenge to the Western Rite is to sustain the true Orthodoxy handed down from our parents while building an American expression of the ancient faith of true Orthodoxy in such a way as to honor our parents, their faith and traditions.  The challenge to the Western Rite is to build an American expression of the faith that is truly Orthodox and yet faithful to the promise that is America.

    The mandate through Archbishop +Peter (Zhurawetsky) for the creation of the AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH was more completely established in 1971-1972 by Archbishop +David Mark Johnson (reposed) legitimately and canonically passing the jurisdiction to Metropolitan Archbishop +Joseph Thaddeus (Stanford).  This was confirmed by the now reposed Metropolitan Archbishop +Jerome Joachim and several other bishops who had known the personal, documented and undocumented, history between +David Baxter and +David Mark Johnson, in 1981.  This jurisdiction is the "Mother Church" from which many offshoots have come and who reside in many other states of the United States today as "Independent" while some errantly claim themselves as being the "Mother Church" from which they have sprung.

Documentation below..... plus more history based on truth!


 For those who hold a different understanding of what it means to be "Orthodox", this is to inform them of Fact.  Orthodoxy does not always rely upon the disease of "academia" or "scholasticism" or even a paper-flow mentality.  Why is this even being raised?  Because the lines of succession flows from and through +Peter Zhurawetsky ... +Baxter... +Johnson then to +Thaddeus, it was learned in 1982, after the consecration of +Thaddeus, that Baxter and Johnson had had a falling out and Baxter repudiated his consecration of +Johnson.  According to informed sources though (+Joachim, +Maxey, +Itkin and a Greek Orthodox Parishioner, Mr. Peter Gianopolous at the time the California Corporation was signed over to +Thaddeus, and even +Johnson himself made similar statementts) "Baxter and Johnson had repentance and forgiveness was mandated."  But the time interval between the initial action and the repentance caused for, on the part of +Baxter, to tell +Johnson at the time of +Johnson's repentance, in front of some of those witnesses named as relating to the phone conversations, that the mandate he received from Zhurawetsky was passed onto +Johnson in California.  The actions of bishops, consecrators and consecrands are well known in some circles, to be a stretching for image, power and control which often has caused for ruptures to happen.  With some, a healing occurs through repentance and forgiveness, reaffirming that which was initially done, cementing relationships more strongly with acts and actions to make more solid that which may have been weak, like cement as glue to bricks.  And, it is not uncommon that some acts or actions are not always documented too.


Some even claim that +Johnson was operating a "paper church".  It is a known fact that he did not maintain a "Paper Church" but maintained a small, but active, ministry and activity in Southern California before moving to San Francisco, California.  Those who have made the allegations or claims either fail or refuse to accept facts because they rely more heavily upon documentation.  In Orthodoxy, this is often times considered as being not of the Spirit, but of another.  The witnesses can not be all wrong even though there was no other documentation forwarded at the time.  And even +Thaddeus, himself, was unaware of the extremity of the falling out between +Baxter and Johnson. 


And, because our lines run through +Yuri Spaeth, we too have a more solid right to make use of the above as the same is applicable to us also.


NOTICE to VISITORS ABOUT OUR sending and receiving - E-MAIL POLICY


Apostle1.com, Apostle1.org and Apostle1.net

We are an educational, News-informational and research Web Site dedicated to providing such as befits those who seek things pertinent to the Orthodox Catholic Christian Faith and life.

    There are unscrupulous people on the internet these days.  Some of them are not who they claim to be and in order to disrupt honest spiritual pursuits, they are known to send out e-mail under someone else's name or the name of another church or jurisdiction with attachments.  Anyone can do this, if they want.  Some of them exist in Ohio... Some in Texas... Others in Michigan (an alleged young violent teenager who is a known hacker, whose step-father is an ex-con), California and many other places... Some are "haters of truth" who follow (whether they are willing to admit it) those who have sway over less educated or ignorant... as their are also those who do not even know what they are doing because they seek glory to satisfy their own vanity and selfish pride to take over a church or jurisdiction of another, or to wreck havoc over those whom they hate without considering the Gospel Message of Jesus Christ. 


    If you should ever receive an e-mail with an attachment purporting to be from anyone at "apostle1.com" - "apostle1.org" or even "apostle1.net" - - - know that our policy is to not send out e-mail from any of our domain names with an attachment.  Therefore, don't open it! If you receive any e-mail from apostle1.com, apostle1.org or apostle1.net and have never before communicated with us... even if you have communicated with us... verify, verify and again, verify. 


Unless we know exactly from whom an e-mail comes... nothing is clicked on or opened, not even attachments!  You would be surprised from whom 'hate' e-mail arrives and what attempts and extremes they go to make their e-mails "look" official when it is a lone person or persons who hate TRUTH and love lies, hate anything from being posted that involves TRUTH because they may be affected with exposure to the LIVING TRUTH of Jesus Christ's Love. 


They HATE some of the news, quotes, and such as to inform the general public.  Some of them pose as clergy, while a few are actually clergy from various "other" offshoot AMERICAN ORTHODOX CHURCH jurisdiction(s) of the same name of which we are, in some instances, their former MOTHER CHURCH (as is the same named Ohio based an offshoot); having joined in and with  "Independent" churches who have nothing to do with us or even true Orthodoxy, but seek to go out of their way to character assassinate and disparage religious web sites who do not meet their own brand of standardization which is evidence of their being not truly "Orthodox" "Christian" or even "Catholic" no matter what their nomenclatured corporate name may be.  The Ohio based same name group under their so-called leader has been deposed, defrocked and excommunicated four different times by various bishops.  He, and several others, have become just as bad as the modern day Ecumenists of the National Council of Churches, World Council of Churches, the World Council of Bishops and more.  Their ultimate aim and goal is destruction of those from whom they had either originated from or gone through to obtain the same named "church" they claim to hold to by civil law in their state.


    Remember, anything that is a HALF TRUTH is not truth at all, but a lie!  Many there are that you may know who fit those descriptions... pray for them.  Pray that God will send his Spirit of Truth upon them and lead them to Salvation through tears of Repentance, conversion of their cold and calculating hearts toward seeking forgiveness from God and those whom they attempt to harm. 


    Those who receive e-mail from us, know who we are and from where we send mail.  There are also many who know that they can send e-mail under another group or person's e-mail address, which has been happening.  If you receive e-mail that purports itself to be from any one or all of us, verify first by hitting your "reply" button and ask, "I received this e-mail but would like verification that it is from you." 


    If you are of another jurisdiction, you too could find that your parishioners, clergy and faithful might become subject to the same as we have recently found. 


    Let this be a warning to visitors so as to be safeguarded against unscrupulous e-mails which contain viruses, worms and unsavory material from person(s) organizations or institutions that are more self-serving than uplifting and informatively news worthy. 


    For ourselves, we have, as in the past, so once again, acquired the assistance of those who are able and capable of tracing e-mails back to their source and taking appropriate action in North America. 


    We have learned that the organization we subscribe to, whose members come from various legal and law enforcement backgrounds amongst other areas of society, are committed to the faith even though they may hold different theologies.  Yet, in their monitoring of electronic communications of various persons or people, be it in California, Michigan, Ohio or other states, they do not always make haste to bring perpetrators to justice until after enough evidence has been gained in order to build a solid case. 


We do not always know what information they have gained, but we do know the organization, whom we've been asked not to name; has had a 97% success rate in bringing to justice and obtaining a conviction against individuals, people, and sometimes even religious organizations of a person that gives the appearance of having both secular and religious bearing interests, but who abuse and misuse technology.  The organization views those who abuse and misuse the internet and other technologies as nothing more than a form of "domestic terrorism" and "hate crimes"- - - - and, it would seem to appear that the courts are in agreement!


 Those kinds of people, organizations, etc. who misuse and abuse communication technologies, who commit domestic terrorism and hate crimes are no different than those who attempt to use coercive measures, and in some instance, even blackmail for the same idea is involved... to cause havoc and wreckage, to destroy the spirit and activity of those who struggle in the faith out of pain of heart for the Orthodox Church which is TRUTH. The degree that some have been known to go to, as seen by other jurisdictions, is to take advantage of questionably mentally challenged or those who have a lack of education and understanding to get them to make statements, even outright lies, in writing, in order to destroy.  Such persons or groups are spiritual terrorists for unholy and un-Orthodox causes, aims and goals.


    Yes, our Metropolitan Archbishop, +Joseph Thaddeus, SSJt., Ph.D. strongly defends the Seals of the Confessional for such leads to true Repentance in thought, word and deed whereby the penitent is required to make amends, where possible, to seek forgiveness of those harmed by one's actions whether real or imagined, and to give  forgiveness to those who ask for it, as required by the injunction of Jesus Christ... those have intentionally caused harm must seek forgiveness before taking the Holy Body and Blood in the Eucharist.  The reality of this understanding is bound up in and with the findings for which cause our Metropolitan Archbishop had been character assassinated by the hate monger who errant makes the claim that "...the court prevented him from breaking the Seals of the Confessional" which is not the truth at all.... Click here to see what another bishop's findings are...


    The workings of Holy Spirit will not be daunted by those who attempt to cause disruption through alleged "Hate Crimes" and internet terrorism!  It is for these and other reasons that you are urged to read what true repentance and forgiveness means for real "Christians".


    For further information about how spammers, hackers and those who are angry with you can or will attempt to do damage, we offer the following link as regards some of the computer - internet problems:




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Twenty First Century Desert Fathers

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Saint Jude Thaddeus (Helper of the Hopeless) and  The Thaddean Fathers (SSJt.)


MAN: To Err, the Church and Holy Spirit

The True meaning of Repentance and forgiveness



Is Christianity At The Cross Roads?


As The World Goes, So Goes The Church


Anomalies in Ecclesiology of Contemporary Orthodox Churches


Attempts at Coming to An Understanding of Orthodox Catholic Christianity


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