The Fourth Ecumenical Synod convened at Chalcedon, in 451, called by Empress Pulcheria, with 630 bishops present. This Synod condemned the teaching of the union of the two natures of the Logos merged in One, abolished this theory, and reaffirmed the decrees of he Third Ecumenical Synod. In regard to the two Natures of Christ, it stated “without confusion and without change.” This Synod issued 30 canons referring to general ecclesiastical discipline and administration. 



The canons of every Synod of the holy fathers shall be observed.

Cf. 6, 2; 7, 1 



Whoso buys or sells an ordination, down to a Prosmuonarius, shall be in danger of losing his grade. Such shall also be the case with go-betweens, if they be clerics they shall be cut-off from their rank, if laymen or monks, they shall be anathematized.

Cf. 8, 29, 30; 6, 22, 23; 7, 3, 4, 5, 19; 24, 91; 16, 12: 31; 33



Those who assume the care of secular houses should be corrected, unless perchance the law called them to the administration of those not yet come of age, from which thee is no exemption. Unless further their Bishop permits them to take care of orphans and widows.

Cf. 8, 6, 81, 83; 4, 7; 7, 10; 9, 11; 19, 18



Domestic oratories and monasteries are not to be erected contrary to the judgement of the bishop. Every monk must be subject to his bishop. Every monk must not leave his house except at his suggestion. A slave, however, cannot enter the monastic life without the consent of his master.

Cf.8, 92; 4,24; 7, 21; 9, 1; 24, 40, 42; 19, 103, 90; 6, 85; 14, 3



Those who go from city to city shall be subject to the canon law on the subject.

Cf. 8, 14, 15; 1, 15, 16; 6, 17; 15, 3, 16, 21; 17, 1, 215, 16, 19; 19, 57, 63, 90



In Martyries and Monasteries ordinations are strictly forbidden. Should any one be ordained therein, his ordination shall be reputed of no effect.

Cf. 13, 13; 4, 6



If any cleric or monk arrogantly affects the military or any other dignity, let him be cursed.

Cf. 8, 6, 81, 83; 4, 3, 6; 9, 11; 19, 18; 7, 10



Any clergymen in an almshouse or monastery must submit himself to the authority of the bishop of the city. But he who rebels against this let him pay the penalty. 



Litigious clerics shall be punished according to canon, if they despise the episcopal and resort to the secular tribunal. When a cleric has a contention with a bishop let him wait till the synod sits, and if a bishop have a contention with his metropolitan let him carry the case to Constantinople.

Cf. 8, 74; 1, 6; 2, 6; 4, 17, 21; 15, 14, 15; 19, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 27, 28, 26, 87, 96, 105, 115, 118, 134, 137, 138, 139



No cleric shall be recorded on the clergy list of the churches of two cities. But if he shall have strayed forth, let him be returned to his former place. But if he has been transferred, let him have no share in the affairs of his former church.

Cf. 8, 15; 1, 15, 16; 4, 5, 20; 6, 17, 18; 7, 15; 15, 3; 19, 63, 98; 17, 15, 16, 19



Let the poor who stand in need of help make their journey with letters pacificatory and not commendatory: For letters commendatory should only be given to those who are open to suspicion.

Cf. 8, 12, 33; 4, 13; 6, 17; 15, 7, 8, 11; 16, 41, 42; 17, 7, 8; 19, 31, 97, 116



One province shall not be cut into two. Whoever shall do this shall be cast out of the episcopate. Such cities as are cut off by imperial rescript shall enjoy only the honour of having a bishop settled in them: but all the rights pertaining to the true metropolis shall be preserved.

Cf. 8, 34; 1, 6, 7, 8; 2, 2, 3; 4, 28; 6, 36, 39; 3, 8



No cleric shall be received to communion in another city without a letter commendatory.

Cf. 8, 12, 15



A Cantor of Lector alien to the sound faith, if being then married, he shall have begotten children let him bring them to communion, if they had there been baptized. But if they had not yet been baptized they shall not be baptized afterwards by the heretics.

Cf. 8, 26; 6, 6, 72; 16, 10, 31; 19, 19, 29, 33



No person shall be ordained deaconess except she be forty years of age. If she shall dishonor her ministry by contracting marriage, let he be anathema.

Cf. 1, 19; 6, 14, 40; 24, 44



Monks or nuns shall not contract marriage, and if they do so let them be excommunicated.

Cf. 4, 7; 6, 44; 19, 19; 24, 6, 18, 29, 20, 60



Village and rural parishes if they have been possessed for thirty years, they shall so continue. But if within that time, the matter shall be subject to adjudication. But if by the command of the Emperor a city be renewed, the order of ecclesiastical parishes shall follow the civil and public forms.

Cf. 8, 74; 1, 6; 4, 9, 21; 15, 14, 15; 19, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 27, 28, 36, 87, 96, 105, 115, 118, 128, 129, 130, 137, 138, 139; 6, 25, 38



Clerics and Monks, if they shall have dared to hold conventicles and to conspire against the bishop, shall be cast out of their rank.

Cf. 8, 31; 5, 34; 19, 26, 81, 84, 85, 104



Twice each year the Synod shall be held wherever the bishop of the Metropolis shall designate, and all matters of pressing interest shall be determined.

Cf. 8, 37; 1, 5; 6, 8; 7, 6; 15, 20; 19, 26, 81, 84, 85, 104



A clergyman of one city shall not be given a cure in another. But if he has been driven from his native place and shall go into another he shall be without blame. If any bishop receives clergymen from without his diocese he shall be excommunicated as well as the cleric he receives.

Cf. 8, 15; 1, 15, 16; 4, 5, 10, 23; 6, 17, 18; 7, 15; 15, 3; 19, 63, 98; 17, 15, 16, 19



A cleric or layman making charges rashly against his bishop shall not be received.

Cf. 8, 74; 2, 6; 19, 8, 27, 137, 138, 139



Whoever seizes the goods of his deceased bishop shall be cast forth from his rank.

Cf. 8, 40; 15, 24; 6, 35; 19, 30, 89



Clerics or monks who spend much time at Constantinople contrary to the will of their bishop, and stir up seditions, shall be cast out of the city.

Cf. 8, 15; 1, 15, 16; 4, 5, 10, 20; 6, 17, 18; 7, 15; 15, 3; 19, 63, 98; 17, 15, 16, 19



A monastery erected with the consent of the bishop shall be immovable.And whatever pertains to it shall not be alienated. Whoever shall take upon him to do otherwise, shall not be held guiltless.

Cf. 4, 4; 6, 49; 7, 12, 19; 9, 1; 30, 2



Let the ordination of bishops be within three months: necessity however may make the time longer. But if anyone shall ordain counter to this decree, he shall be liable to punishment. The revenue shall remain with the economus.

Cf. 8, 58; 6, 19; 9, 16; 17, 11, 12; 19, 79, 82, 86, 131, 132, 133; 22, 10



The Economus in all churches must be chosen from the clergy. And the bishop who neglects to do this is not without blame.

Cf. 8,38, 41; 7, 11, 12; 15, 24, 25; 9, 7; 19, 34, 41; 14, 7; 12, 15; 29, 70; 30, 2

A Detail of the Ecumenical Councils!


A Reply to Protestant Sectarians  

An Understanding of the Ancient Canons

Ancient Canons/Seven Ecumenical Councils

A bit of understanding about the Fundamentalist Cults....

The First Ecumenical Synod

Second Ecumenical Synod, In Constantinople, 381

The Second Ecumenical Synod



The Fifth and Sixth Ecumenical Synod


You have reached the End of the Article... But, read on...

Disclaimer Notice below

You have reached the End of the Article... But, read on...

{'s Note, Commentary & Opinion:  What does this have to do with prophecy?

It goes right back to Genesis and God's pledge to bless those who bless the children of Israel and curse those who curse them.

That is a prophecy that has seen every empire of the world come and go – yet Israel remains. It may be chastened by God. It may be dispersed. It may be divided according to His will [not man's]. But God has punished every nation that has come against Israel. Each one has been judged.

You can choose to believe it or not. It won't make any difference.

But he that touches the apple of God's eye will pay a price: "For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye." – Zechariah 2:8

As Zechariah 12:8-10 reveals: "In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.

"And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.

"And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn."

And one shall ask Him, "What are these wounds in thine hands? Then he shall answer, Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends" (Zechariah 13:6).

In short... any THING we do against Israel, will and has caused for this country to face such as has never before been seen... ie: environmental changes and worse that is coming... Why do think God is doing nothing concerning the incursion of Islamic Sharia Law of the Muslim's Satanic Koran (Quoran) bible?  Think about it!  Our nation is being prepared for the worse things possible that our American way of life has never before seen and most of you aren't willing to accept the truth when it is very much before your eyes... Our congress and the closeted, disguised Muslim in the White House is but a glimpse of the Satanic horror that is to come! Disclaimer Notice below and what are you doing to put the brakes on them and him?  Absolutely Nothing from what many of us have seen thus far! Nothing!  Stay warm, do nothing and it will eventually happen to you or those who you leave behind to carry on your legacy! And, there is one more thing to remember:

"And He said to them, When I sent you out without purses and without bags and shoes, did you lack anything? They said to him, Not a thing. He said to them, from now on he who has purses, let him take them, and the bag likewise; and he who has no sword, let him sell his robe and buy for himself a sword. And they said to him, Our Lord, behold here are two swords. He said to them, That is enough...." Luke: 22: 35-38  }

Apostle's Disclaimer Notice and other things

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Disclaimer Notice & Other things:

('s Note, Commentary, opinion & Disclaimer Notice: We Have many Contributors to our DAILY NEWS SERVICE, as well as many other Updates & Information provided - We are thankful for our Desert Angels, Our Flying Foxes, Our Flying Squirrels and our many other contributors... Even though we don't always give the credit they deserve... We want you, the viewer to know that they are a part of our life and living... They are, according to their nature & degree of ability, truly Christian in Spirit and in Truth for they have YOU, the viewer in mind as a part of their own concerns too, as we do too!


However... there is something else we wish to warn you about.


DISCLAIMER NOTICE: The views expressed at this website regarding any article not directly connected to religious content is the opinion or commentary of the author which we may not necessarily believe in, accept or support, and some religious articles we may not accept or support either. We take no responsibility or liability for the content of any news item or article presented as any information provided which you rely upon requires that you, the reader/viewer, take action to verify its worthiness on your own.  We have deduced to a minor degree, that the information provided by the author is such that warrants posting for you the viewer/reader only... and that any statements or purported facts, including any news item, is for you to verify as to its authenticity.  We take no liability and no responsibility for its accuracy whatsoever! You who are new visitors, may wish to read a very short article below entitled "The purpose for presenting our Daily News section" Sadly to say, we take no pleasure in stating that some of the items we post are not from what we would call true "Christian" organizations. But we post it because it provides another side of the proverbial story.  The Church, after all, is supposed to be a temple for sick souls (sinners) without distinction between their worse sins or otherwise, but it seems to some organizations that they say much about others, but fail and refuse to upbraid themselves and their members for their own sins...)


"Never, never, never let anyone tell you that, in order to be Orthodox, you must also be eastern. The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."


- Blessed St. John Maximovitch of Shanghai and San Francisco

The purpose for presenting this Daily News section:

Daily News is very important to those who are true Orthodox Catholic Christians.  For without knowing or gaining information for understanding about what is happening in one's local area and around the world, you could  find yourself faced with denied services in the secular area, lack of income, even (although it sounds far-fetched) ability to worship openly for the time is not far off when all will have to decide if they wish to follow the Anti-Christ through the One World Church and One World Government as prophesied by the Apocalypse, the Book of Revelation of St. John or follow the faith delivered once and for all which will cause for many to be denied the abilities to survive under those kind of conditions, causing for one to consider other options. 


Many of those who subscribe to, and some who have caused or are the cause for, these things to happen are involved in or with the Roman Jurisdiction of the Catholic Church (which is not the seat of all things "Catholic") as well as its protestant daughters such as the cultic Jehovah's Witnesses, the Pentecostal Churches, the Church of Latter Day Saints also known as the Mormon Church and far too many more to list. 


Yet, at this web site we do provide some of the reasons about why they are opined to be the harbingers of that which is prophesied in Holy Scripture for the bringing about of the End Times which we have already entered.  It is not necessarily their individual members or parishioners that should be blamed since they are only the "Sheep" and not the Shepherds... So do not think we castigate individual people of themselves as we castigate those "money changers" who Jesus Christ chased out of His Father's House as the Bible Describes; for they exist in these present times too.


Events are already rushing toward that time in which this is beginning to happen and will become more fully wide-spread. In these present times all you need to really do is look around both your local and larger areas as to what is really on-going through.  Things so very little or miniscule that they are barely noticeable except to the more informed observer may become apparent. 

Those little things are the laws of the land, economics, politics, the degrading and erosion of those rights and liberties afforded by the Constitution of these United States of America and many other things such as the manner with which entertainments have taken over much of the populace, entering into and becoming a major focus in worship, and more. 

We ask you, if you don't want to believe us... Have you heard, seen or found what is termed (of the many terms being used) that there are "holding areas" or "camps" or "Closed/Fenced communities" being built by GOVERNMENT? 

Here in North America, especially in the United States of America, we must admit that what Russia has come out of (a communistic, atheist country) we are entering into.  And one last thing that needs also to be understood... Something very important to those of you who are "Catholic" in the Roman sense of its jurisdiction....   And, we believe this also holds true for many who are "Orthodox" whether "Eastern" or "Western"....

[ * Non-Denominational = Synchrestic Ecumenism, Disease of Scholasticism, altering the Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ to accommodate the disease of Political Correctness and CULTIC PROTESTANTISM, and the Roman Jurisdiction (Latin Church = Vatican) of the Catholic Church) breaking of - or failure and refusal to respect and abide by  - the ancient Seven Ecumenical "Do Not" Canons which leaves everything else open to God's gift of creativity... failure & refusal to abide by and have respect for those who diligently protect one of the other Pillars of the Church, the Seals of the Confessional, but "Non-Denominational" also includes worshiping Satan's religion of Muslim, Islam by praying with them and other heretics such as 'Pentecostalism,' 'Jehovah's Witnesses,' 'Mormons,' 'Church of Christ,' any so-called church with "Community Church" in their nomenclature and others who by their false and misleading dogmas and doctrines are actually against the Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ upon whom and for exacting reason we are called "Christian" in both spirit and truth from which non-denominational protestant sectarian claimants have departed from as being so-called Christian] Only a skilled spiritual father can help you!

Remember: You cannot ride two horses or serve two masters for one of them will be harmed by your thoughts, your very words and your actions which is to blaspheme the Holy Ghost (Spirit) who will depart from you.  And when the Holy Spirit departs, the great deceiver (unbeknownst to you) will rush in to fill the void under disguise of being the Holy Spirit!  Testing of the Holy Spirit to insure it is the Holy Spirit does not, for many a Sectarian Protestant and Roman, work because the Great Deceiver (Satan) is most skilled in worming and snaking his charms around your mind and heart to feign being the Holy Spirit.  Remember, Satan has the same gifts similar to the Holy Spirit but Satan's gifts are UN-HOLY and lead all who accept him (unbeknownst to you) to perdition.

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"Never, never, never let anyone tell you that, in order to be Orthodox, you must also be eastern. The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."

- Blessed St. +John Maximovitch of Shanghai and San Francisco


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Metropolitan Archbishop +Joseph Thaddeus (1990)


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